Theory

Learn Math with Music

Problems with fractions check this out CLICK HERE

Fraction                 Note                 Description
A whole pie equals a whole note.  It will last four beats.

   
1/2 of a pie equals a half note.  It will last two beats.
   
1/4 of a pie equals a quarter note.  It will last one beat.
   
1/8 of a pie equals an eighth note.  It will last a half of a beat.
   
1/16 of a pie equals a sixteenth note.  It will last a quarter of a beat.

In addition, we will use three dotted notes.   A dot placed after a note increases its value by one half.   

   Fraction                 Note                 Description
3/4 of a pie equals a dotted half note.  It will last three beats, since its value equals a half note and a quarter note tied together.
   
3/8 of a pie equals a dotted quarter note.  It will last one and a half beats, since its value equals a quarter note and an eighth note tied together.
   
3/16 of a pie equals a dotted eighth note.  It will last three quarters of a beat, since its value equals an eighth note and a sixteenth note tied together.. 

Music Staff 

The Staff

The staff consists of five lines and four spaces. Each of those lines and each of those spaces represents a different letter, which in turn represents a note. Those lines and spaces represent notes named A-G, and the note sequence moves alphabetically up the staff.

The-Staff

Treble Clef

There are two main clefs with which to familiarize yourself; the first is a treble clef. The treble clef has the ornamental letter G on the far left side. The G’s inner swoop encircles the “G” line on the staff. The treble clef notates the higher registers of music, so if your instrument has a higher pitch, such as a flute, violin or saxophone, your sheet music is written in the treble clef.  Higher notes on a keyboard also are notated on the treble clef.

The-Treble-Clef

We use common mnemonics to remember the note names for the lines and spaces of the treble clef. For lines, we remember EGBDF by the word cue “Every Good Boy Does Fine.” Similarly for the spaces, FACE is just like the word “face.”

Bass Clef

The line between the two bass clef dots is the “F” line on the bass clef staff, and it’s also referred to as the F clef. The bass clef notates the lower registers of music, so if your instrument has a lower pitch, such as a bassoon, tuba or cello, your sheet music is written in the bass clef. Lower notes on your keyboard also are notated in the bass clef.

The-Bass-Clef

A common mnemonic to remember note names for the lines of the bass clef is: GBDFA “Good Boys Do Fine Always.” And for the spaces: ACEG, “All Cows Eat Grass.”

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